Linguistic Task with solution_pdf download

Task n°01:

a-    Put « True » or «  False»  and correct the false one :

1-Language is a set of signs only.

False

language as a formal system of signs governed by grammatical rules of combination to communicate meaning.

2- Language is meant for communication.

True

 

3- Human Language has the same components of other creatures’ languages.

False

Human Language has not the same components of other creatures’ languages.

4-Human language develops.

True

5- Animal language is dual.

False

Animal language is not dual besides that Researchers say that animals, non-humans, do not have a true language like humans. However they do communicate with each other through sounds and gestures.

b-    Definitions of the following concepts are mixed up except one, rearrange them accordingly.

a- Definitions of the following concepts are mixed up except one, rearrange them accordingly.

· Arbitrariness: Language is passed from one language user to the next, consciously or unconsciously.

ð  Arbitrariness:  There is not necessarily a rational relationship between a sound or sign and its meaning, i.e., symbolism. (There is nothing intrinsically “housy” about the word “house”.

· Cultural transmission: There is not necessarily a rational relationship between a sound or sign and its meaning, i.e., symbolism. (There is nothing intrinsically “housy” about the word “house

ð Cultural transmission: Language is passed from one language user to the next, consciously or unconsciously..

· Discreteness: Languages can be used to communicate ideas about things that are not in the immediate vicinity either spatially or temporally, or both.

ð Discreteness : Language is composed of discrete units that are used in combination to create meaning

· Displacement: Language is composed of discrete units that are used in combination to create meaning.

ð Displacement : Languages can be used to communicate ideas about things that are not in the immediate vicinity either spatially or temporally, or both.

· Duality: Ability to discuss language itself

ð Duality :  A finite number of units can be used to create an indefinitely large number of utterances.

· Metalinguistics:. Language works on two levels at once, a surface level and a semantic (meaningful)
level.

ð Metalinguitics :  correct.

· Productivity: A finite number of units can be used to create an indefinitely large number of utterances.

ð Productivity :  Ability to discuss language itself

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Task n°02:

Match concepts and their correspondent definitions

1-knowledge

 

A)- any splitting of a whole into exactly two non-overlapping parts.

2-science

B)-part of Language which ‘is not complete in any individual, but exists only in the collectivity.

3- linguistics

C)-vertical substitional relations between items.

4-langue

D)-concrete realization of the language system

5-signifier

E)-the scientific study of language.

6-parole

F)-studying the language as it is (or was) at any particular point in time

7-structuralism

G)-linear horizontal combinatorial relations between items.

8-diachronic

H)-studying the language through time.

9-synchronic

I)-a stock of experiences at the reach of every human being. 

10- dichotomy

K)-a sound side and a meaning side

11-paradigmatic

L)-A methodological specific part of knowledge that has a subject of study.

12-syntagmatic

M)-The study of relations that exist between language items.

(Concept, definition) →

(1, I), (2, L), (3, E), (4, D), (5, K), (6, B), (7, M), (8, H), (9, F), (10, A), (11, C), (12, G).

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